The first commercially available language was FORTRAN i.e FORmula TRANslation. It was developed in 1956 and the first manual appeared in 1956, but first developed in 1954. Developed by a team led by John BackusatIBM.
Fortran may be ageneral-purpose, compiledbasicprogrammingdialectthat'sparticularlysuited to numeric computation andlogicalcomputing. Originallycreated by IBM within the1950s forlogicalandbuilding applications, FORTRAN camealong these lines torulelogical computing.
It has beenutilizedfor over six decades in computationallyseriouslyzonessuch as numericalclimateforecast, finite element analysis, computationalliquidelements, geophysics, computationalmaterial science, crystallography, and computational chemistry.
It may be aprevalentdialectfor high-performance computing and isutilizedfor programs that benchmark and rank the world'sspeediestsupercomputers. Fortranincludes anancestryofforms, each of whichadvancedtoincludeexpansionsto thedialectwhereasordinarilyholdingcompatibility withearlierforms.Progressiveadaptationshaveincludedbolsterfororganized programming and process